Water crisis in India

Water Crisis in India – It’s time to act not to react

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On Sunday, 1st July, 2019, India’s Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi urged to the nation in his first edition of ‘Mann Ki Baat’ radio program to unite for conserving water and appealed to people to make a list of methods to conserve water and share the same on social media using the hashtag ‘JanShakti4JalShakti.’

It is called a threat; it is called scarcity……water scarcity. If he can see the future then why don’t we.

We all know that water is important for every living creature and trees. No water – No life. So this is time to act not to react. It is very bad when we are connecting national or international issues with politics. This water scarcity issue is the same for all whether it is US or Russia or China or India. It is a worldwide issue. If we will not act now to save water, nature will react against us.

There is a water crisis today but it doesn’t mean that we do not have water. Nature already provided us sufficient water; the problem is managing water. Around the world, billions of people are misusing water so badly and we already wasted so much water that’s why this condition came in our life.

Causes of Water Crisis in India

According to the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) report released by the Niti Aayog in 2018, the groundwater level will be zero in 21 major cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad by 2020 and almost 100 million people will be affected. The CWMI report also states that by 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual six percent loss in the country’s GDP. However, 12 percent of India’s population is already living the ‘Day Zero’.

Day Zero means when there is no water on taps, taps will be switched off.

There are lots of causes of the water crisis in India, mostly man-made due to excess population growth and mismanagement of water resources. Here are some of the major reasons for water scarcity:

  1. Water uses In-efficiently in irrigation: – India is one of the top agriculture producers in the world and India’s economy depends on agriculture. Agriculture uses 70% of accessible freshwater, however, approximately 60% of the used water is wasted due to traditional techniques of irrigation. Maximum water lost due to evaporation and in drainage. In most of the areas still, traditional irrigation techniques are using. We must use micro-irrigation techniques such as drip and sprinkler irrigation and some of the modern techniques also so that we can control the waste of water.
  2. Traditional water recharging areas blocked: – Due to water crisis, villagers are selling their agriculture land and moving towards the city for their bread and butter. Rapid construction is going on and these constructions are blocking the way of recharge of traditional water bodies. These traditional water bodies have also acted as groundwater recharging mechanism. We need to take some action and the government also should take some serious action so that our traditional water bodies can recharge and groundwater level can be increased.
  3. Drainage system not mechanized: – Drainage system is very poor. All the domestic waste including human wastes are going to either into traditional water bodies or our holy rivers. Ganga River and Yamuna rivers are the best examples. Government intervention is urgently required otherwise we will lose our rivers.
  4. Industrial waste: – Many Industries are releasing their wastes which include chemicals and effluents into rivers, streams or in ponds. These kinds of wastes are polluting our freshwater rivers which come from Himalaya’s iceberg. Government intervention is required to stop these entire things.
  5. Lack of knowledge: – Indian population increasing day by day but the literacy rate is not increasing. Most of the people don’t know the fact that the whole world is struggling with the water crisis. Need to take some initiative from everyone including NGO, Communities, Societies, and Government to promote to save water.
  6. No rain harvesting system: – People are not aware of Rain Harvesting System. Every year, a lot of millions of gallon rainwater goes to sea. If we stop this rainwater and conserve it properly, the water crisis will not be there. Every year, many cities of India met with heavy rain or flood but we do not have techniques and knowledge to save rainwater. Mumbai is the best example where every year heavy rain comes but due to lack of system, all the rainy water goes to seas. Maharashtra state has the biggest water crisis issue where many farmers committed suicide every year. 
  7. Cutting Trees: – This is also one of the main causes of the water crisis. Trees are cutting like anything and forest area is reducing day by day. No one wants to plant a tree as everyone is thinking that this is not my responsibility but it is. It is our social responsibility. Trees are stopping water to evaporate, trees are stopping soil cutting. We should grow more trees to save our environment.

These are the main causes of the water crisis in India. Everyone is running for money and saving money. They are thinking that they can buy everything but they don’t think that if the water is not there, how you will survive.

Water is precious, water is priceless, water is life so please don’t waste the precious thing. Save water for our coming generations.

Here are some facts about the water crisis in India.

  • 76 million are without access to safe drinking water
  • 21% of the country’s diseases are water-related
  • Over 329, 000 children under five die due to diarrhea in India in 2015
  • 163 Million Indians need access to safe drinking water
  • 210 Million Indians need access to enhanced sanitation
  • 500 kids younger than five die from diarrhea every day in India

Remember, there is no substitute for Water.


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