A few days back India was waiting for monsoon and now we all are struggling with the flood. Almost 8 states are suffering very badly and more than 6.7 million people in India have been directly affected by the floods. Bihar, UP, Maharashtra, Assam, Mizoram, Odisha, West Bengal, Haryana, Punjab…everywhere water, only water. This time India’s neighboring countries Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan also suffering from heavy rain and flood.
More than 17,000 people in Nepal have been evacuated to relief camps and 300,000 Bangladeshis have been evacuated to temporary relief camps and shelters. Across the border area, over a million hectares of cropland (2,471,054 acres) has been submerged, roads and homes have been damaged, livestock has been swept away and killed, and entire wildlife sanctuaries have been cut off.
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Disaster Relief Agencies and some NGOs are now scrambling to provide housing and crucial supplies for families who have been displaced. Central Government and State Government are trying to control the condition but it is insufficient.
Flood is the most common natural disaster across the globe and in India; it comes every year and makes a huge disaster. Flood affected areas are the home of many diseases. After the water receded from most of the flood-affected areas, that area is facing the threat of many diseases be it water-borne diseases like typhoid, cholera and conjunctivitis, Malaria and Dengue, leptospirosis (rat fever), etc. These diseases are common because of contaminated drinking water in the aftermath of floods or vector-borne diseases.
That is why it becomes very important to protect your health during and post floods.
Here is a list of top 5 infectious diseases post-flood, with their symptoms and with precautions which can help to many suffered people; this information is good for your knowledge also.
Cholera: Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration. Cholera is caused by bacteria known as Vibrio Cholera which is spread in drinking water and food. Infected flies are the carrier of this disease.
Symptoms of this disease are – Low Blood Pressure, Thirst, Pelvic pain, Vomiting, Less Appetite, Loss of Skin elasticity.
Precaution – Eat clean and freshly cooked food. Do not drink water without boiling it. Also, wash your hands and food containers properly.
Typhoid Fever: Similar to Cholera, Typhoid fever is also caused by bacteria called Salmonella Enterica Serotype Typhi. The bacteria are deposited in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area. The disease is contracted through direct contact with polluted waters.
Symptoms of this disease are –Headaches, Poor Appetite, High Fever, Lethargy, and Diarrhea.
Precaution – Eat fresh and healthy food. Avoid eating street food and from any place, you think is unclean.
Leptospirosis: It’s called Rat Fever also. Leptospirosis is caused by the bacteria called Leptospira which present in animal’s urine such as mice, cows, and buffaloes. Transmission occurs through an open wound, or through the skin that has been in the water for a prolonged period, or mucous membrane of the eyes and mouth. The condition does not usually pass from one person to another.
Symptoms of this disease are – normal cold with headaches, fever, muscles aches, red-eye infection and watery eyes. If the disease isn’t detected timely, the patient might slip into a coma.
Precaution – Avoid too much walking in floodwaters. Wear rubber boots every time you walk in the water. Do not swim in such waters. Precaution is better than cure in this disease.
Hepatitis A: It is a highly contagious liver infection disease causes the liver to function abnormally. The virus that causes this inflammation is Hepatitis A virus (HAV). This illness can be caused by eating unhygienic or uncooked food.
Symptoms of this disease are – Mild fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, Jaundice, pain in your belly, nausea, diarrhea, and fatigue.
Precaution – Eat clean and cooked food. Do not share the same drinking glass with others.
Dengue Fever: This is caused by virus infection with Aedes mosquitoes. It is also known as yellow fever. This is a common disease in the rainy season because of mosquitoes.
Symptoms of this disease are – loss of appetite, vomiting, muscle pain, reddish skin, and blood spots on the skin.
Precaution – Use mosquito repellent creams and sprays to avoid mosquito bites.
Flood water can be heavily contaminated with sewage and other pollutants. Because of that, these all diseases are infectious and spread from each other. Precaution is the best treatment after the flood. Drink clean water only and eat cooked clean food is the best way to stay healthy.