In our daily routine life, we face a lot of problems and difficulties. Some are in our control and some are not; some are created by us and some are not; we ignore something and sometimes not. But do you know that daily we are facing a big and serious environmental problem but we are sitting with closed eyes and hands? We are thinking that we are neither the part of this problem nor we can do something to less this problem. Yes, I am talking about Global Warming. Although we all know that this is something very serious but we are doing nothing. Even if we contribute a bit of our responsibility, we all can manage this problem. I used a ‘serious’ word. If we ignored this word, it will be a serious mistake from our end. Let’s understand about Global Warming.
What is Global Warming?
In simple words, global warming means that our planet, our earth is heating up. The temperature of our globe is heating up. The earth, the oceans, and the air are warming up now over the past one to two centuries. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): average surface temperatures rose a total of 1.71 degrees Fahrenheit (0.95 degrees Celsius) between 1880 and 2016. The pace of change has been an additional 0.13 degrees F (0.07 degrees C) per decade, with the land surface warming faster than the ocean surface — 0.18 degrees F (0.10 degrees C) versus 0.11 degrees F (0.06 degrees C) per decade, respectively. Scientists expect the average global temperature to rise an additional 0.3 to 0.7 degrees Celsius through 2035.
As a result, higher temperatures bring more rain and snowfall, but for some regions droughts and wildfires increase instead. If you noticed that nowadays we can see snowfall and floods in desert areas and draughts in many rainy areas. Due to the increase in temperature, glaciers are melting and the level of the sea is increasing. As a result, the chances of flood in coastal areas are more. As per NASA, from 2000 to 2016 was one of the 16 hottest years in the last 134 years record.
Causes of Global Warming:
Too much of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is the main and primary cause of Global Warming. Carbon Dioxide heats up the planet via the greenhouse effect, which is caused by the interaction between Earth’s atmosphere and incoming radiation from the sun. Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide & other air pollutants and greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface.
The main reason for the increase in CO2 is burning fossil fuels (like coal, oil and natural gas) for energy and cut down and burn forests. Certain waste management and agricultural practices also cause of Global Warming. It releases other potent global warming gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide which also pollute the atmosphere and a cause of Global Warming.
Unites States produce about 2 billion tons of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) every year due to the burning of fossils fuels to make electricity and about 1.7 billion tons of CO2 generates from emissions of the transport sector. Coal-burning power plants are the biggest polluters and emission is the second-largest source of carbon pollution.
What are the effects of Global Warming?
People are already feeling the impact of climate change on the environment around the world. Here are some effects of Global Warming.
- Increase in temperature means extreme weather; the chances of droughts, flooding, and more severe storms will be high.
- Changing weather patterns can ruin crops and cause serious water shortages.
- Melting glaciers and early snowmelt rising the sea level which is more threatening for low-lying islands and coastal cities.
- Tropical and insect-borne diseases will spread more.
- Severe droughts will cause more dramatic water shortages and increase the risk of wildfires.
- Allergies, asthma and infectious disease outbreaks will become more common.
Global Warming is a worldwide serious issue where we need to pay attention and need to take some action otherwise our next generations are in danger. We are just playing with our nature. A small bit of your contribution can save our nature and save lives. This is a common issue for all so we all need to save our nature and our future.