An election for president of The United States happens every four years on the first Tuesday in November. The next presidential election will be November 3, 2020. The winner of 2020 presidential election will be sworn into office on January 20, 2021. Donald Trump, President of the United States is completing his tenure in November 2020 and the entire country is ready for its 59th Presidential election.
What are the basic requirements for Presidential Candidate?
There are three basic requirements for Presidential candidate by the U.S. Constitution (Article 2, Section 1) and these three requirements are:
- A Presidential candidate must be a natural-born citizen (U.S. citizen from birth)
- At least 35 years old
- A U.S. resident (permanently lives in the U.S.) for at least 14 years
Primaries, Caucuses, and Political Conventions:
The election process begins with primary elections and caucuses. These are two methods that states use to select a potential presidential nominee. In general, primaries use secret ballots for voting. Caucuses are local gatherings of voters who vote at the end of the meeting for a particular candidate. Then it moves to nominating conventions, during which political parties each select a nominee to unite behind. During a political party convention, each presidential nominee also announces a vice presidential running mate. The candidates then campaign across the country to explain their views and plans to voters. They may also participate in debates with candidates from other parties.
Role of the Electoral College:
The President and Vice President of the United States are formally elected through an electoral college. They are not elected directly by citizens. Members (“electors”) of this Electoral College is chosen through the popular vote in each state, and to be elected president a candidate must receive a majority of the electoral votes. The process of using electors comes from the Constitution. Each state gets as many electors as it has members of Congress (House and Senate).
There are currently 538 electors among the 50 states, including three votes allotted to the District of Columbia. A candidate needs 270 electors (more than 50%). When you cast your ballot for president, your vote goes to a statewide tally. The winner gets all the electoral votes for that state. In most cases, a projected winner is announced on election night but the actual Electoral College vote takes place in mid-December when the electors meet in their states.
Who’s running for President in 2020?
There are four major political parties in the U.S.; Democrat, Republican, Libertarian, and Green. All the parties are running for president but the main fight will be between Democrat and Republican.
Here are the lists of all four candidates who are entering the race of President.
- Donald J. Trump: – President Donald J. Trump is running for re-election from Republican. He is 74 and he filed for re-election on January 20, 2017.
- Joseph R. Biden Jr.: – He is a former Vice President of the United States and former senator from Delaware from Democrat. He is 77 and he announced that he was running for president on April 25, 2019.
- Jo Jorgensen: – Jo Jorgensen was selected by the Libertarian Party. She is 63 years old. The Libertarian Party selected Jo Jorgensen as its presidential nominee on May 23, 2020, the second day of the Libertarian National Convention.
- Howie Hawkins: – Howie Hawkins was nominated from Green party. He is 67 years old. He filed his nomination on June 21, 2020.