Definition of The National Population Register:
The National Population Register (NPR) is a database of all the Indian residence and the objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars. Last time the data for the creation of the NPR was collected during the general census carried out in 2010 between Aprils to September. Under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules-2003, it is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR. A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more. It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State, and National level and the database is maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
The National Population Register (NPR) provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of the country’s population which helps in administration, planning and policymaking as well as management and evaluation of various programs by the government, NGOs, researchers, commercial and private enterprises, etc.
The Government of India announced in December 2019 to update the National Population Register along with the house-listing phase of Census 2021 from April to September 2020 in all the states/union territories, except Assam. The Union Cabinet has approved a proposal of the Home Ministry to spend ₹ 8,754 crores for the Census 2021 and ₹ 3,941 crore for updating the NPR. NPR was first done in 2010 and was later updated in 2015 when it was linked with the Aadhar. In the last NPR done in 2010, the data was collected on the 15 points and it did not include ‘date and place of birth of parents’ and last place of residence and now it has 21 points.
What are the 21 points of NPR?
The following demographic details of every individual are required for every usual resident and it is mandatory for every individual to provide correct and complete detail:
- Name of person
- Relationship to head of household
- Father’s name
- Mother’s name
- Spouse’s name (if married)
- Date of Birth
- Marital status
- Place of birth
- Nationality (as declared)
- Present address of usual residence
- Duration of stay at present address
- Permanent residential address
- Educational qualification
- Last place of residence
- Passport Number
- Aadhar ID Number
- Voter ID Number
- Driving License Number
- Mobile/Phone Number
Last 06 points were not asked before in 2010. I do not know (Perhaps I am not a politician) why some people are protesting against NPA.
What is the difference between NPR and National Register Of Citizens (NRC)?
According to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules notified on December 10, 2003, a Population Register is ‘the register containing details of persons usually residing in a village or rural area or town or ward or demarcated area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area’. In simple words, the National Population Register is a database of people living in India; citizens or not.
Whereas, the ‘National Register of Indian Citizens’ is a register containing details of Indian Citizens living in India and outside India. The NRC process demands proof of citizenship from the respondents. If anyone does not have any proof, they may face deportation or detention as per rule. But in NPR, there is no need to provide any documentation.