What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a common name nowadays. It is rising day by day like a victorious king and affecting all groups of ages including males and females. It is rising because we are allowing it to enter in our body. The main cause or reason for diabetes is our lifestyle. Our lifestyle and our food habit is only responsible for it. There are lots of myths that those who eat sugar a lot can impact with Diabetes which is not a hundred percent correct. So here we will discuss about myth and facts of Diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when your blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the bloodstream into the cells in the body to produce energy. When the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces; glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues and can cause many other health problems.
The most important thing is Diabetes has no cure; only caution and prevention is the treatment.
Here are some interesting facts about Diabetes:
- Approximately 463 million people (20-79 years) were living with diabetes.
- By 2045, this will rise to 700 million
- 1 in 2 (232 million) people with diabetes were undiagnosed.
- The greatest numbers of people with diabetes were between 40 and 59 years of age.
- 79% of adults with diabetes were living in low- and middle-income countries
- Diabetes caused 4.2 million deaths
Myths and Facts about Diabetes:
1. Myth: People with Diabetes can’t eat sugar or glucose or sweets.
Facts: This is one of the most common diabetes myths. As we told that normally humans require sugar to produce energy but for diabetic people, they need to eat a diet that is balanced, which can include some sugar in moderation.
2. Myth: No one in my family has diabetes, so I won’t get the disease.
Fact: It’s true that having a family history with diabetes increases your risk of getting diabetes but it is not a guarantee. Many people with diabetes have no close family members with diabetes. Your lifestyle, your food habit, and certain conditions can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes. In fact, family history is a risk factor for both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
3. Myth: Overweight and obesity can cause diabetes.
Fact: It is true that overweight and obesity can increase a risk factor for type 2 diabetes but it is not a direct cause. However, many people who are overweight or obese never develop diabetes. And people who are normal weight or only a little overweight do develop diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is not caused due to excess weight, physical inactivity or any lifestyle factors and it is not preventable.
And if you are overweight and obsessive, you can low your risk by using nutritional changes and physical activity.
4. Myth: People with Diabetes should only eat Diabetic food.
Fact: Diabetic food is one of the most common myths in all. In fact there’s no such thing as a standard diabetic diet. People with diabetes eat the same foods that everyone eats. It is suggested that they can get their carbohydrates from vegetables, whole grains, fruits, and legumes. Avoid foods that are high in fat, sodium, and sugar.
5. Myth: I have borderline diabetes, so I don’t need to worry.
Fact: Yes, there is no need to worry for today but you need to worry for your future as you have borderline diabetes which is called Prediabetes. It is the term used for those whose blood sugar levels are not in the diabetes range but are too high to be called normal. Prediabetes means that you are at high risk for developing diabetes within 10 years. It is advisable that speak with your provider about your risk for diabetes and what you can do to lower your risk.
6. Myth: Fruit may be harmful.
Fact: It’s true that some fruits contain more natural sugars than others but there are no forbidden fruits on a diabetes diet. Only you need to take in a proper amount. You can take 15 gms of carbohydrate from fruits that are equal to about:
- 1/2 medium Banana
- 1/2 cup cubed Mango
- 3/4 cup cubed Pineapple
- 1 1/4 cups Strawberries
- 2 tablespoons Dried Fruit
7, Myth: No alcohol if you are a diabetic person.
Fact: If your doctor allows you and if your diabetes is under control, Alcohol in moderation is OK. It means, no more than one drinks a day for women and two for men. One drink is 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits. Don’t drink on an empty stomach. Some medications, like insulin or those that help increase insulin level, can make you prone to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Alcohol may make that worse.
8. Myth: Women with diabetes should not get pregnant.
Fact: Women who manage their diabetes well can have a normal pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby.
9. Myth: Diabetes is not a serious disease.
Fact: It is good if you are taking it in a positive way otherwise if we talk medically; it is a serious disease as it has no treatment. The only precaution is cure otherwise it can lead to many complications. It can affect the quality of life and reduce life expectancy.
10. Myth: Are all types of diabetes same.
Fact: The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes has different causes and needs treatment differently but if someone has any type of diabetes except gestational diabetes, it needs management every day. However, gestational diabetes goes away after pregnancy, but it does significantly increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. All types of diabetes are complex and serious.
11. Myth: I can stop taking diabetes medicines once my blood sugar is under control.
Fact: Diabetes is a progressive disease, and over time, even if you are doing all you can to stay healthy, you may need medicine to keep your blood sugar within your target range. Consult your doctor before doing anything otherwise, all your efforts to control diabetes will wash away.