Modern lifestyle is very fast today. No one has time to eat and even does not have time to take care of ourselves. We all look at our faces in the mirror every morning but we are not looking at our bodies; we all are just focusing on our dressing but not focusing our immune system. Throughout the day, we are eating packaged food or fast food just to fill our stomach and the result is many diseases and problems attack in our body. Then we realise the importance of our food and body. Have you ever notice that earlier many diseases and problems were attacks in old age and now you can suffer with any diseases at any age like Heart Attack, Diabetes, Cancer, Liver diseases, Kidney problems, and etc. Knee pain is also one of them and now days knee pain is the most common problem in human. You can see knee pain in every age group; child to old age – man to woman, more or less everyone is suffering with this problem. In this topic, we will discuss about the knee pain.
What is Knee Pain?
Knee pain is a very common problem in humans; it may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. In medical terminology, we can include arthritis, gout, and infections that can be caused by both short-term and long-term problems. Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition.
Causes of Knee Pain:
Temporary knee pain is different from chronic knee pain. Many people experience temporary knee pain as a result of an injury or accident. In Chronic knee pain, many conditions can cause or contribute and this chronic knee pain rarely goes away without treatment. Being overweight puts you at greater risk for knee problems. Overusing your knee can trigger knee problems that cause pain. If you have a history of arthritis, it could also cause knee pain.
Physical conditions or diseases can cause knee pain. These include:
- Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Pain, inflammation, and joint destruction caused by degeneration and deterioration of the joint.
- Tendinitis: Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon — the thick fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. Pain in the front of the knee that is made worse when climbing, taking stairs, or walking up an incline.
- Bursitis: Bursitis is a painful condition that affects the small, fluid-filled sacs — called bursae — that cushion the bones, tendons and muscles near your joints. Inflammation caused by repeated overuse or injury of the knee.
- Chondromalacia Patella: Chondromalacia patella is also known as “runner’s knee,” is a condition where the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella (kneecap) deteriorates and softens.
- Gout: Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in some people who have high levels of uric acid in the blood.
- Baker’s Cyst: A Baker’s cyst (or Baker cyst), also known as a popliteal cyst, is a swelling in the popliteal space, the space behind the knee. It causes stiffness and knee pain.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): RA is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder that causes painful swelling and can eventually cause joint deformity and bone erosion.
- Dislocation: Dislocation of the kneecap most often the result of trauma.
- Meniscus Tear: A rupture in one or more of the cartilage in the knee.
- Torn Ligament: Tear in one of the four ligaments in the knee — the most commonly injured ligament is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL).
- Bone Tumors: Osteosarcoma (second most prevalent bone cancer), most commonly occurs in the knee.
Symptoms of chronic knee pain:
Chronic knee pain is long-term pain, swelling, or sensitivity in one or both knees. The cause of your knee pain can determine the symptoms you experience. Many conditions can cause or contribute to chronic knee pain, and many treatments exist. Each person’s experience with chronic knee pain will be different. Chronic knee pain may present as a:
- Constant ache
- Sharp, shooting pain when in use
- Dull burning discomfort
Treatment of Knee Pain:
Each underlying cause of chronic knee pain has a specific type of treatment. These treatments may include Physical therapy, Medication, Surgery, and injection. Treatment depends on the cause and the age of that person. Here are some advises also which you can follow…
- Wear cushioned and flat shoes that support your feet and avoid heels.
- Avoid sleeping on your side. Use pillows positioned on either side of your body to prevent you from rolling onto your side. When lying on your side, keep a pillow between your knees.
- Do not stand for a long time, stay seated when possible. If you have to stand, avoid hard surfaces and keep your weight equally divided on both legs.
- Lose weight if you are overweight or obese. You can read Home Remedies to Reduce Belly Fat.
- Eat healthy food and avoid alcohol and smoke.