Do you know, the skin is also one of our organs and even skin is the largest organ of the integumentary system. It covers our body and guards the underlying muscles, bones, ligaments, and internal organs; it also protects us from microbes, helps in regulating the body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold. Skin’s other functions are insulation, temperature regulation, sensation, synthesis of vitamin D, and the protection of vitamin B folates. The total area of skin is about 20 square feet.
Skin has three layers:
The Epidermis: The upper or outer layer of skin is epidermis that provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. The deepest part of the epidermis contains melanocytes. These cells produce melanin, which gives the skin its color.
The Dermis: The another main layer of the skin is the dermis, the inner layer of skin. It contains blood and lymph vessels, hair follicles, and glands. These glands produce sweat, which helps regulate body temperature
The Hypodermis: The hypodermis is deeper subcutaneous tissue which is made of fat and connective tissue. Its purpose is to attach the skin to underlying bone and muscle as well as supplying it with blood vessels and nerves.
Functions of Skin:
Our skin just not protects our body and not give the shape of our body, it’s the face you present to the world. If you have glow in your skin, people will definitely notice you.
Here are some functions of our skin which we never noticed.
Protection: Skin is stable but flexible. Outer skin covering that acts as a barrier, protecting your body from harmful things. It helps us in damage between the internal and external environment in bodily defense.
Sensation: Skin allows your body to feel sensations such as warmth, cold, pressure, itching, vibration, and pain. Some of these sensations trigger a reflex, like automatically pulling your hand back if you accidentally touch the electric current.
Body Temperature (Heat regulation): Skin also plays an important role in regulating your body temperature. It helps in dehydration and protects from the negative effects of too much heat or cold. Sweating also regulates the temperature.
Maintain the balance of fluid: Our skin also maintaining the balance of fluid and preventing moisture loss. The skin also acts as a water-resistant barrier, it kept all the essential nutrients inside our body.
Ultra Violet Rays: The skin can store lipids and water which can protect us with ultraviolet rays. Over-exposure to these harmful rays generates free radicals which are harmful for us.
How to take care of the skin:
Protect from Ultra Violet Rays: If your skin is sensitive, try not to go in direct sunlight. Ultra Violet rays can burn your skin. Always use a sunscreen with SPF that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. Direct sunlight can cause some skin problems like wrinkles and age spots.
Do not use hot water while you bath: We all use hot water for bath in winters but hot water can damage your skin. You can mix cold water and make it light warm otherwise hot water will strip your natural oil of your skin and make it dry. Limit your bath timing also, it saves your skin as well as water also.
Avoid strong soaps: Avoid strong soaps and use mild soap. Strong soap can strip oil from your skin and are too harsh also. Mild soap can protect your skin and are not too hard.
Wash your face twice: If you have oily skin or acne, it is always advisable to wash your face whenever possible otherwise twice a day. Just make sure that you use the right facial cleanser for your skin type.
Use moisturizer every day: After washing your face and after the bath, the skin’s moisture and natural minerals washed away. Using moisturizer will help you to boost circulation to your skin and help seal in the moisture. Even those who have oily skin and acne can benefit from a moisturizer. Those who spend a lot of time outdoors, it is advisable to use a moisturizer that contains SPF.
Exercise or Yoga: Regular exercise or yoga not only fit your body, but it also helps your skin. Exercise and yoga is a cleansing process of your entire body as urea contains sweat will come out from our body and will give your body the necessary blood circulation also.
Beauty Sleep: Eight-hour sleep is necessary not only for our skin, for our body also. When you sleep, your skin also takes rest. If you noticed, those who do not sleep properly will have dark circles around their eyes. So it is a must to take beauty sleep.
Healthy diet: First and foremost thing that junk food is just filling your stomach which does not have nutritional value. A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. A healthy diet includes fresh and seasonal fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Try to avoid oily, spicy and fermented foods and make sure to drink plenty of water. It will keep your skin hydrated.
If we follow all these steps, you will see the glow in your skin. Although all the models and actresses are take care of themselves but especially taking care of their skin. They all are very conscious about their skin because the skin is their outer beauty. If someone’s skin has wrinkles and spots, they are ignored by people. If you take care of your skin, automatically you will feel confidence within you and people will also notify you.