Water is one of the basic human needs and the most important substances on earth. All plants and animals need water to survive. If there is no water, there would be no life on earth. Although the earth is surrounded by 71% of water but the bitter truth is that there is a water crisis all over the world. Many countries do not have water and the condition is going worst day by day. The entire world will face water shortages by 2050 unless we save water fast. If we will not start to conserve water, very soon we will meet with drought. Water conservation means adding more life.
With a diverse population that is three times the size of the United States but one-third the physical size, India has the second-largest population in the world (18 % of the world’s population) only has access to 4 percent of usable water sources, 163 million Indians lacking access to safe drinking water. According to the World Bank, India uses the maximum groundwater in the world. The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), Government of India has released report ‘Composite Water Management Index’ in June 2018; 21 cities including the capital of India, Delhi would run out of groundwater by 2020.
The world’s largest democratic country India’s Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi urged to the citizen in his first edition of ‘Mann Ki Baat’ radio program on 1st July, 2019 to unite for conserving water and appealed to people to make a list of methods to conserve water and share the same on social media using the hashtag ‘JanShakti4JalShakti.’
We should think and analyze how water conservation is important where a country’s prime minister is taking initiative and encourage people to conserve water.
Cause of Water Scarcity
There is lots of cause of water scarcity. The population is almost double from the last decade and the water level is going down day by day. India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, industrial and human waste, unawareness and corruption. Water scarcity in India is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by the year 2050 and we are not doing anything to conserve water. Very soon global water scarcity is expected to become a leading cause of national political conflict. Some great thinkers are saying that third world war’s reason will be water.
Here are some causes of water scarcity.
- Water pollution is one of the main causes of water scarcity. There are many sources, for example, pesticides, fertilizers, human waste or industrial waste pollutes the groundwater. The increased amount of solid waste in water systems also heavily pollutes the water; Yamuna River is the best example. All the industrial and domestic waste going to our holy rivers and this process makes the water unusable.
- Excessive use of groundwater for irrigation in agriculture has also caused a strain on the resource. Indian economy depends on agriculture and India is one of the top agriculture producers in the world. Agriculture uses 70% of the worlds accessible freshwater, however, approximately 60% of the used water is wasted. This is due to absorbent irrigation systems, inefficient application methods as well as growing cultivation of crops. This insufficient use of water is drying out rivers, lakes and underground aquifers. India, China, Australia, United States, and many more countries are close to reaching their water resource limits or have already reached it.
- The population is another main cause. India’s population growth rate is 1.13% and projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2024, surpassing the population of China. In the last 40 years, India’s population more than doubled. Presently we do not have water for all, so think about the future.
How to conserve water
A step towards conserve water is the step to secure nature and to secure our-self and our future generation. Water conservation is the most effective and environmentally sound method to fight global warming. Water conservation can reduce the scarcity of water. It aims to improve the efficiency of use of water and reduce losses and waste. With more and more areas struggling with droughts, conserving water is more important than ever. Even a few small changes can add up to hundreds of gallons in water savings each year.
Here are some tips to save water:
- Avoid leakage of water from the taps and the pipeline also
- Insulate pipelines
- Turn the tap off when, not in use
- Use a bucket for bath, for floor clean, for watering plants and for car wash
- When you drink water from a glass, only take as much as you need
- Consider buying a dual flush toilet; half flush and full flush
- Use rain harvesting technique
- Recycle your water where you can
- Use a drip irrigation system
- Stop using polythene, groundwater level affected as it stops water to underground
- Plant more trees
These are not tips, we should stop wasting water wherever we can and most importantly, we should encourage people, encourage communities, and encourage societies to save water. The government should take some strict decisions and should promote a campaign to save water.
If your tap dripped once every second every day, all day, every day you would waste 5 gallons of water or 2,082 gallons per year. Sixteen glass of water equals to one gallon so think, if we save water; how many people will get water.
Here are some facts about the uses of water in our daily life:
- Around 39,000 gallons of water is expected to create a vehicle
- To take bath in shower utilizes around 25 gallons of water
- Brushing your teeth utilizes around 10 gallons of water
- Bathtub utilizes roughly 36 gallons of water
- Shaving utilizes roughly 20 gallons of water
- Dishwashing utilizes roughly 30 gallons of water
- An automatic dishwasher utilizes roughly 16 gallons of water for every cycle
- Washing your hands utilizes roughly 2 gallons of water
- Flushing the toilet utilizes 5-7 gallons for each flush
- A typical washing machine cycle utilizes 60 gallons of water
Water Conservation Summary
97.5% of the world’s water is locked in seas and oceans, too salty for human use. And most of the remaining 2.5% is in the ice caps. So we humans depend on the tiny bit available as freshwater. Saving water at home does not require any significant cost. We can use water-saving appliances and water conservation systems to save water.
By using water-saving features we can reduce our in-home water use by 35%. This means the average household, which uses 130,000 gallons per year; using 350 gallons per day could save 44,000 gallons of water per year, 125 gallons of water per day. The average individual, currently using 70 gallons per day, could save 25 gallons of water per day.
SAVE WATER – SAVE LIFE – SAVE FUTURE