There is a proverb, “Life is short, smile while you still have teeth.” A healthy and beautiful smile is your accessory. The quality of your smile can affect your work life, social life, personal life, and your romantic life. Medical science proved that people who smile more often are regarded by others as more positive and competent and they are happy in life but think if you don’t have teeth or bad teeth or bad-smelling from your mouth; are you able to attract people or are you feeling confident?
Teeth are very important in our life but we are not taking care of our teeth properly. Teeth are the most neglected human body part where many people are not thinking. The teeth are the hardest substances in the human body. Teeth help us to chew and digest food. They play an important role in speech and give our face its shape. A healthy smile can be a great asset; and because this is so important, it makes sense to give your teeth the best care possible.
Here is a quick brief to understand part of the teeth.
Enamel: – Enamel is the hardest outer white part of our tooth that serves to protect against tooth decay. Enamel is made of calcium phosphate, a rock-hard mineral which is considered the hardest mineral substance in your body, even stronger than bone.
Dentin: – Dentin is the second hardest tissue that lies underneath the outer enamel layer which contains microscopic tubes. When the enamel (outer layer) is damaged; you can feel the sensitivity and pain. If you take hot or cold things, it can enter the tooth through these paths and you can feel the sensitivity.
Dental Pulp: – The Dental Pulp is a soft part within the center of the tooth. Blood vessels and nerves run through the pulp of the teeth. The dental pulp is the innermost part of the tooth. It is housed inside the hard chamber of the tooth which is composed of enamel and dentine. This hard casing around the pulp protects it from infection by microbes present in the mouth.
Cementum: – The cementum is the surface layer of the tooth root. It is the connective tissue that binds the roots of the teeth firmly to the gums and jawbone. Cementum is yellowish and softer than either dentine or enamel.
Periodontal ligament: – The periodontal ligament is the fibrous connective tissue structure that helps hold the teeth tightly against the jaw.
Normally we have 32 teeth, which (except for wisdom teeth) have erupted by about age 13:
Incisors: – Incisors has 8 teeth, 2 on each side, top, and bottom. The incisors at the front of the mouth have a sharp biting surface and are used for cutting or shearing food into small chewable pieces.
Canines: – Canines has 4 teeth, 2 on the top and 2 on the bottom. Canine teeth are pointed teeth that sit on each side of the incisor teeth at the front of the mouth.
Premolar: – It has 8 teeth, 2 in each quadrant of the mouth. Premolar teeth sit between the canine front teeth and the molars. These are transitional teeth; teeth that transition between the tearing function of the canines and the grinding function of the molars.
Molar: – Molar has 12 teeth (include 4 wisdom teeth) in 4 groups of three at the back of the mouth. These are the flat teeth located at the back of the mouth. They can vary in size and shape but are the largest teeth in the mouth.
Wisdom teeth: – The last molars in the line are called 3rd molars or more popularly wisdom teeth which are the most commonly missing teeth in adult mouths. Each side of the upper and lower jaw has one molar.
Teeth Conditions: –
Your body health and your teeth are intricately connected. If you have a problem in your teeth, whatever you are eating is infected which causes your health issues. Here are we will discuss some of the teeth conditions:
Cavities (caries): – Teeth are covered with a hard, protective top layer called enamel. But once the enamel is weakened by acids produced by bacteria, a pit or cavity is formed in or on the tooth surface that can grow bigger and deeper over time. Most cavities occur on molars and premolars.
Tooth decay: – Tooth decay is the destruction of your tooth enamel. It means tooth decay is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of your teeth that develop into tiny holes. Major causes of tooth decay are sugary, sticky foods and beverages.
Periodontitis: – Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.
Gingivitis: – Inflammation of the surface portion of the gums, around and between the crowns of the teeth. Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gingivitis.
Plaque: – A sticky, colorless film made of millions of bacteria. The bacteria in plaque cause tooth decay and gum disease. Plaque develops quickly on teeth after eating sugary food but can be easily brushed off.
Tartar: – Tartar also called dental calculus. If plaque is not removed regularly, it becomes tartar, a harder substance. Tartar cleaning is not possible at home as it requires professional help. The buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth can cause bad breath, tooth decay, and gum disease.
Overbite: – An overbite is when your upper front teeth overlap with your lower front teeth. Most people have at least a little overbite.
Under-bite: – An underbite is when your lower front teeth overlap with your upper front teeth. This condition is also called a Class III malocclusion or pragmatism.
Bruxism: – It also called tooth grinding. Stress, anxiety, or sleep disorders can cause teeth grinding, usually during sleep. A dull headache or sore jaw can be symptoms.
How to keep your teeth healthy
If you want your teeth like a pearl, you need to take care of your teeth daily and regular basis like a pearl. There is one rule “if you are eating daily than you need to clean your teeth daily.” The healthier your teeth are; the happier you look. Healthy teeth and gums make it easy for you to eat well and enjoy good food. Several problems can affect the health of your mouth, but good care should keep your teeth and gums strong as you age.
Here are some points where you can learn how to keep your teeth healthy.
Brushing teeth: – Brushing twice a day is the best way to keep your teeth safe and healthy. Brush your teeth regularly but not aggressively. The best time to brush teeth is after meals. Choose a toothbrush with a small head for better access to back teeth. Soft bristles are kinder on your gums. Brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can damage tooth enamel and the gums.
Use fluoride toothpaste: – Fluoride comes from an element called fluorine which helps to prevent cavities. Fluoride helps to harden tooth enamel and reduces your risk of decay. Now a day everyone is using Reverse Osmosis water filter which removes fluoride from the water. Due to this also people are facing dental issues.
Flossing teeth: – Flossing is another very simple way to keep your teeth healthy. Flossing helps to remove plaque and food particles that are stuck between your teeth and under your gums where brushing cannot reach. It can also help prevent bad breath.
Rinsing: – Rinsing your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash daily; it kills bacteria and reduces your bad breath and keep your teeth and gums healthy.
Do not smoke and do not chew tobacco: – Smoking and chewing tobacco are always harmful to our bodies. It affects our teeth and gums very badly. Now a day this is the main reason for oral cancer. Smoking also affects the appearance of the mouth, leading to yellowing of the teeth and tongue, and it can give breath a bad odor.
Avoid sweet & starches food: – Consuming sugar can lead to cavities and consuming starchy foods, such as crackers, bread, chips, and pasta can cause tooth decay. And if you eating sugary and starches food, brush your teeth and wash your mouth properly as sugary and starches food attract the bacteria.
Take consultation: – Every 6 months, you should consult with the dentist. Although we are cleaning our teeth properly but we left something in our mouth, it’s not clean properly. During a routine dental examination, a hygienist will clean the teeth and remove plaque and hardened tartar.
Healthy teeth are a sign of good health and wealth. It’s not just brushing and flossing that keep your teeth healthy; you need to take the healthy food also. Avoid sugary food and soda and eat lots of fruits and vegetables. Practicing dental care is a good habit which makes you always happy and confident. If you have teeth like a pearl, your smile will be big.
I wish you stay healthy, wealthy, and keep smile always.