How does a person get diabetes
Health & Fitness

How does a person get diabetes

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Diabetes, it’s called slow sweet poison. It is a chronic incurable disease that occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help our body to store and use sugar and fat from the food we eat. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. When the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, it’s leading to an excess of sugar in the blood. The high blood sugar leads to serious damage to many of the body’s system; particularly the eyesight, kidney failures, nerves break down, heart attack and damaging blood vessels. Sugar builds up in the bloodstream and is excreted in the urine. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy.

It is estimated that 422 million people are living with diabetes in the world, which is estimated to be 1 in 11 of the world’s adult population. Undiagnosed diabetes people accounted for almost 46%. The number is projected to almost double by 2030 which is a warning alarm for all of us.

According to the International Diabetes Foundation; India had more diabetics than any other country in the world; currently affects more than 62 Million Indians which is more than 7.1% of the adult population. And nearly 1 million Indians die due to diabetes every year. According to The Indian Heart Association; India is projected 109 Million individuals with diabetes by 2035. This is because of a combination of genetic susceptibility, intake high-calorie food and low-activity lifestyle of Indian growing middle class. Diabetes prevalence has been rising more rapidly in middle- and low-income countries.

Symptoms of diabetes:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred Vision
  • Numbness or Tingling in the feet or hands
  • Sores that do not heal
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Mood swings
  • Itching, skin infections
  • Feeling dizzy

There are a few different types of diabetes:

Prediabetes: Normal blood sugar level is between 70 and 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) whereas a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dL. The prediabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. Doctors refer to some people as having prediabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 mg/dL. People who develop type 2 diabetes nearly always have prediabetes. This means blood glucose levels are elevated, but not yet high enough to be considered diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes:  Type 1 diabetes occurs because the pancreas can’t produce insulin. Immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells which called beta cells in the pancreas. It is an autoimmune disease. People with type 1 diabetes produce no insulin and must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type of diabetes. It is most commonly starts in people under the age of 20 that’s why it is also known as Juvenile diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes: With Type 2 diabetes, while the body still makes insulin, unlike in type 1, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did.  When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells and sugar builds up in your blood. This is known as insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, usually occurs in people over age 40 who are overweight. Type 2 diabetes affects your digestive system and kidney disease. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 85% of all diabetes.

Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy; the body can become less sensitive to insulin. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes. Gestational diabetes does not occur in all women and usually resolves after giving birth.

How is Diabetes Managed?

There is no cure for diabetes but it can be controlled and managed. It is up to the patient how they can manage their lifestyle. Treatment of diabetes involves diet and physical activity along with lowering blood glucose and the levels of other known risk factors that damage blood vessels.

Here are some points where you can manage diabetes:

  • Keep controlling your blood sugar levels
  • Maintain your blood cholesterol and triglyceride (lipid) levels
  • Control your blood pressure
  • Avoid sugar, processed starches, saturated fat, and cholesterol
  • Follow a very low carbs diet
  • Eat a High-Fiber Diet
  • Avoid Sedentarily Behaviors (continuous sitting or lying down except when sleeping)
  • Optimize Vitamin D Levels
  • Daily exercise include yoga, aerobics, walking, and swimming
  • Avoid Sedentarily Behaviors (continuous sitting or lying down except when sleeping)        

Conclusion:

A simple and disciplined lifestyle can prevent from all diseases. Diabetes’s main cause is mismanagement of lifestyle. Your every day’s routine, your food, your behavior, and your mental status are the main factors of your healthy life. Diabetes is a slow poison which is spreading slowly in our society. Obesity and overweight are also the most important risk factors responsible for diabetes. Remember, what you do at home every day affects your blood sugar.

Prevention is better than cure in diabetes because there is no treatment of diabetes.

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