Christ the Redeemer is a colossal statue of Jesus Christ at the summit of Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. The bustling city of Rio de Janeiro has been one of Brazil’s most popular and frequented tourist destinations for decades and the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro is one of the ‘Seven Natural Wonders of the World’. Christ the Redeemer is one of the best art deco statues around the world. It was created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Heitor da Silva Costa, a Brazilian engineer in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. Gheorghe Leonida, a Romanian sculptor fashioned the face. Construction of this statue was started in 1922 and completed in 1931.
A catholic priest Pedro Maria Boss suggested to building large religious monuments within the city in 1850. This idea took almost 71 years to implement when the Catholic Circle of Rio organized a crusade to attract donations and collect signatures in support of building an enormous statue 1921. Many designed were offered and considered. Some suggested cross and some suggested Jesus with a globe in hand and finally Christ with his arms outstretched was selected. The statue, composed of reinforced concrete and faced with soapstone, was erected at the peak of Corcovado. It stands 30 metres (98 feet) tall excluding its 8 metre (26 feet) pedestal. The arms stretch 28 metres (92 feet) wide and the weight of this statue is 635 metric tons (625 long, 700 short tons). Cost of this statue was the equivalent of US$ 250,000 (equivalent to $3,600,000 in 2019). The statue is located at the peak of the 700 metre (2,300 feet) Corcovado Mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. Overlooking the city, it is accessible by road and has become a major attraction in the region. Christ the Redeemer is a symbol of Christianity across the world. The statue has also become a cultural icon of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil and is listed as one of the New7Wonders of the World. The monument opened on October 12, 1931.
You can read related blog also:
- Great Barrier Reef: One Of The 7 Natural Wonders Of The World
- Cappadocia: A Place of Underground Cities and Fairy Chimneys
- Easter Island Statues in Chile
- An Ancient Archaeological Site In The World: The Acropolis of Athens
- The Largest Religious Monument In The World: Angkor Wat in Cambodia
History of the Rio-De-Janeiro:
Rio-De-Janeiro is one of the most attractive and vibrant city which is bursting with culture and pulsating with a deep sense of history and heritage. It is a city in the country of Brazil, South America. Rio-De-Janeiro is world-famous for being the world’s largest bay, having mountains that come down almost to the water’s edge and for an enormous statue that looks down on the city and harbor from one the mountain peaks. Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous country in the world.
Rio-De-Janeiro; the name was given to the city’s original site by the Portuguese explorer, Gonçalo Coelho who took almost 3 months to reach here from Lisbon, Portugal. He reached on August 17th, 1501 with his small fleet of three caravels (small, maneuverable sailing ships) and entered in the bay for the mouth of a river, the coast of what we now call Brazil. On January 1st, 1502, the ships reached a break in the seaside that seemed to be the entrance to an enormous river. The bay they found was spectacularly surrounded by huge, oddly-shaped mountains that astounded the European explorers. Taking a cue from the date on which they’d found this amazing harbor, they named it the “January River,” or Rio de Janeiro. (Rio is the Portuguese word for “River” and Janeiro the word for “January”).
You can read related blog also:
- Machu Picchu: An Ancient City in Peru
- Liquid Rainbow or Cano Cristales: The River of Five Colors in Colombia
- Lake Hillier: Australia’s Pink Lake
- A Sea Cave: Fingal’s Cave In Scotland
- The World Largest Amphitheater: Colosseum In Rome
Approximately 60 years later, French traders came and inspected the area that the Portuguese established as the city of Sebastiao do Rio de Janeiro. The French established a colony in 1555, but were expelled. When the foundations of the future town were laid in 1565 by Portuguese, it was named Cidade de Sao Sebastiao do Rio de Janeiro (“City of St. Sebastian of Rio de Janeiro”) for both Sao Sebastiao and Dom Sebastiao, king of Portugal. Now it is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named “Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea”, by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape. The harbor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is recognized as one of the “Seven Natural Wonders of the World.” It has been known as one of the most beautiful natural harbors. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean, in the southeastern part of the tropical zone of South America, and is widely recognized as one of the world’s most beautiful and interesting urban centres. It is surrounded by mountains: Sugar Loaf Mt. (1,296 ft/395 m), Corcovado Peak (2,310 ft/704 m), and the hills of Tijuca (3,350 ft/1,021 m).
Rio de Janeiro became the colonial capital in 1763 and was the capital of independent Brazil from 1822 until 1960, when the national capital was moved to the new city of Brasília. Until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several mostly French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin. In the mid-18th century, gold was discovered inland and an influx of European settlers transformed Rio de Janerio into a boomtown. By 1749 the city’s population had expanded to 24,000 and soon it became the capital of the Portuguese colony. Though sugar and gold declined in importance as exports in the 19th century, they were replaced by coffee. Later, cotton and rubber also began to be shipped overseas.
The city has parks and ecological reserves such as the Tijuca National Park, the world’s first urban forest and UNESCO Environmental Heritage and Biosphere Reserve; Pedra Branca State Park, which houses the highest point of Rio de Janeiro, the peak of Pedra Branca; the Quinta da Boa Vista complex; the Botanical Garden; Rio’s Zoo; Parque Lage; and the Passeio Público, the first public park in the Americas. In addition the Flamengo Park is the largest landfill in the city, extending from the center to the south zone, and containing museums and monuments, in addition to much vegetation.
You can read related blog also:
- An Artificial Archipelago: Palm Jumeirah In Dubai
- Santorini: A Crescent Shaped Volcanic Island
- The Rainbow Mountain: Naturally Painted Rock Formation of China
- The Great Pyramids Of Giza; Tombs Of Three Egyptian Kings
- Jeita Grotto: The Middle East’s Greatest Natural Wonder
Rio-De-Janeiro has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) that closely borders a tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification, and is often characterized by long periods of heavy rain between December and March. The city experiences hot, humid summers, and warm, sunny winters. In inland areas of the city, temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F) can occur on a monthly basis.
The city and the harbor are well known for their scenic beauty. There are a number of spectacular beaches here including the famous Copacabana and Ipanema. The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro measures 17.4 miles (28 km) from east to west and 18.6 miles (30 km) from north to south. It extends 20 miles (32 km) inland and the Bay spans 88 miles in length and has 50 miles (80 km) of beaches. In the city’s South Zone, Pedra da Gavea, a rock made of granite and gneiss rises 2762 feet (842m) above the ocean. It has been eroded into the shape of a human face and can be seen for many miles out to sea. Other sites that tourists visit here include the top of Sugarloaf Mountain which is accessible by a cable car system. From the summit of Sugarloaf, visitors can get a 360-degree view of the famous harbor.
Rio-De-Janeiro is thriving and attracts many tourists as it is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere. Carnival, samba, bossa nova, and balneario beaches are very famous. Other than the beaches, a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world’s largest football stadiums are also very famous places. On top of Mt. Corcovado, the statue of Jesus Christ is one of the best man-made constructions. Rio-De-Janeiro is one of the most attractive and amazing city where you can enjoy of your every moment. Every year, many visitors are coming and year by year the number of visitors is increasing. This city is a complete package for tourism and truly a wonder of the earth.