What is Hydroponic Farming?
Hydroponics is a method of farming without soil; plants grow in a solution of water and nutrients. Hydroponic is made by two words; ‘Hydro + Ponic’ which means farming only with water, without soil. ‘The Hanging Gardens of Babylon’ and ‘The Floating Gardens of China’ are two of the earliest examples of Hydroponics. In this system, because it does not use soil, the root is supported using an inert medium such as perlite, clay pellets, vermiculite, etc. The basic method is to allow the plant’s roots to come in direct contact with the nutrient solution for proper growth. A hydroponic garden’s growth rate is much higher than a soil garden. It also has fewer issues with bugs, pests, and diseases.
The Hydroponic system is an ideal solution if you are an apartment dweller who does not have an outdoor gardening plot. You can grow plants and vegetables faster and year-round. You can start with lettuce, spinach, basil, parsley, oregano, mint, tomatoes, and strawberries. As this system is without soil so there is no need to digging anything and no need for years of experience. You just need to control several factors, such as lighting, water quality, air circulation, and more.
What are the benefits of Hydroponic Farming?
I have dust allergy so if you ask me the benefit of Hydroponic Farming than this is the best benefit for me that I can grow plants in my balcony or at roof without soil. We just only need any nutrient solution or inert growing medium such as perlite and sand — basically anything other than traditional potting mixes or soil. Here are more benefits of Hydroponic Farming.
- Hydroponics is better for the environment because it reduces waste and pollution from soil runoff.
- In Hydroponic Farming, plants grow bigger and faster because they do not have to work as hard to obtain nutrients.
- You can grow crops anywhere whether in arable or heavily contaminated places. It saves the lands by growing plants in convenient locations like large-scale indoor greenhouses, or even in your apartment.
- Hydroponic is without soil farming so there are no chances of any soil-related weeds, pests, and diseases. You can get pesticide-free vegetables and herbs.
- A hydroponic system will also use less water than soil-based plants. It is estimated that agriculture consumes 70%-80% of freshwater. This soilless growing method uses only 10% of the water in comparison to soil agriculture. It can do that because of its efficient recirculated system. You can reuse water that is not used before which stays in the Hydroponic gardening system.
- All nutrients are added to the solution, and you are 100% controlling giving the specific amounts of foods (nutrients) that plants need. Unlike the soil, nutrients are not lost because they are held in the reservoir.
- Your plants will mature up to 25% faster and produce up to 30% more than the same plants grown in soil. This is because plant roots directly contact with the nutrients rather than searching for food in the soils.
- You are in charge of the whole growing system – nutrients, temperature, lights, and so on. By this, you can provide the ideal conditions that plants require.
- Hydroponics is a way to balance the environment and our mother nature.